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Exonuclease I

Product Description

Exonuclease I cleaves single-stranded DNA in the 3′→5′ direction, releasing 5′ -mono/di-nucleotides and leaving double-stranded DNA molecules and the 5′-terminus intact. The enzyme is processive though digestion is inhibited by the presence of a 3′ -terminal phosphate. Exonuclease I is tolerant of a wide-range of buffer conditions and can typically be added to reactions containing magnesium (1-3).

Source of Protein
Purified from a strain of E. coli that expresses the recombinant Exonuclease I gene.

Supplied in
10 mM Tris-HCl
100 mM NaCl
1 mM DTT
0.5 mM EDTA
50% glycerol
pH 7.5 @ 25°C

Unit Definition
One unit is defined as the amount of enzyme required to produce 10 nmol of acid-soluble total nucleotide in 30 minutes at 37°C.

Quality Control Analysis

Unit Characterization Assay
Unit activity was measured using a 2-fold serial dilution method. Dilutions of enzyme were made in a glycerol (50%) containing Exonuclease I storage solution and added to 50 µL reactions containing a single-stranded tritiated DNA fragment, and 67mM Glycine-KOH (pH 9.5), 10mM DTT, 6.7mM MgCl2. Reactions were incubated 10 minutes at 37°C, plunged on ice, and analyzed using a TCA-precipitation method.

Protein Concentration (OD280) Measurement
A 2.0 µL sample of enzyme was analyzed at OD280 using a Nanodrop ND-1000 spectrophotometer standardized using a 2.0 mg/ml BSA sample (Pierce Cat #23209), and blanked with enzyme storage solution. The observed average measurement of 3 replicate samples was converted to mg/mL using an extinction coefficient of 72,970 and molecular weight of 54,500 Daltons.

SDS-Page (Physical Purity Assessment)
2.0 µL of concentrated enzyme solution was loaded on a denaturing 4-20% Tris-Glycine SDS-PAGE gel flanked by a broad-range MW marker and 2.0 µL of a 1:100 dilution of the sample. Following electrophoresis, the gel was stainedand the samples compared to determine physical purity. The acceptance criteria for this test requires that the aggregate mass of contaminant bands in the concentrated sample do not exceed the mass of the protein of interest band in the dilute sample, confirming greater than 99% purity of the concentrated sample.

Contamination Tests

Double-Stranded Endonuclease Activity
A 50 µL reaction containing 0.5 µg of pBR322 DNA and 10 µL of enzyme solution incubated for 4 hours at 37°C resulted in no visually discernible conversion to nicked circular DNA as determined by agarose gel electrophoresis.

E.coli 16S rDNA Contamination Test
Replicate 5 µL samples of enzyme solution were denatured and screened in a TaqMan qPCR assay for the presence of contaminating E.coli genomic DNA using oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the 16S rRNA locus. The acceptance criterion for the test is the threshold cycle count (Ct) produced by the average of 3 replicate no template control samples. Based on the correlation between the no template control Ct values, and standard curve data, the detection limit of this assay is <10 copies genome/sample.

Product Information

Exonuclease I
Part NumberX8010L
Concentration20,000 U/ml
Unit Size30,000 U
SDS Available on request

Product Specification*

Storage Temperature-15 to -25°C
Test Specification
Purity (SDS-PAGE)>99%
Specific Activity185,000 U/mg
DS Endonuclease200 U = no conversion
E.coli DNA Contamination200 U < 10 copies

* For a detailed summary of assay conditions and data, refer to the Quality Controls Analysis section.


  1. Exonuclease I can be heat-inactivated by incubation at 80°C for 15 minutes.
  2. Exonuclease I will preferentially degrade single-stranded oligonucleotide primers in a reaction containing amplification products or other sources of double-stranded DNA, leaving double-stranded molecules intact.
  3. Exonuclease I, in combination with Lambda Exonuclease (X8030L), is effective in removing linear DNA species from plasmid preparations.
  4. Exonuclease I works well in most molecular biology buffers which contain magnesium in excess of 1.5 mM.


  1. Lehman, I.R. and Nussbaum, A.L. (1964) J. Biol. Chem. 239, 2628.
  2. Kushner, S.R. et al. (1971) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 68, 824.
  3. Kushner, S.R. et al. (1972) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 69, 1366.

Limitations of Use
This product was developed, manufactured, and sold for in vitro use only. The product is not suitable for administration to humans or animals. SDS sheets relevant to this product are available upon request.

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