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T4 DNA Polymerase

Product Description

T4 DNA Polymerase catalyzes the extension of a primed DNA template in the 5′→ 3′ direction. This enzyme exhibits a powerful 3′→ 5′ exonuclease activity, while lacking any inherent 5′→ 3′ exonuclease or strand displacement functions.

Source of Protein
Purified from a strain of E. coli that expresses the recombinant T4 DNA Polymerase gene.

Supplied in
100 mM KPO4
1.0 mM DTT
0.1 mM EDTA
50% glycerol
pH 6.5 @ 25°C

Supplied With
B0110 (10X Blue Buffer)

10X Blue Buffer (B0110)
500 mM NaCl
100 mM Tris-HCl
100 mM MgCl2
10 mM DTT
pH 7.9 @ 25°C

Unit Definition
One unit is defined as the amount of enzyme that will incorporate 10 nmol of dNTP into acid-precipitable material in 30 minutes at 37°C.

Quality Control Analysis

Unit Characterization Assay
Unit activity was measured using a 2-fold serial dilution method. Dilutions of enzyme were made in 1X reaction buffer and added to 50 µL reactions containing Calf Thymus DNA, 1X Blue Buffer, 3H-dTTP and 100 µM dNTPs. Reactions were incubated 10 minutes at 37°C, plunged on ice, and analyzed using the method of Sambrook and Russell (Molecular Cloning, v3, 2001, pp. A8.25-A8.26)

Protein Concentration (OD280) Measurement
A 2.0 µL sample of enzyme was analyzed at OD280 using a Nanodrop ND-1000 spectrophotometer standardized using a 2.0 mg/ml BSA sample (Pierce Cat #23209) and blanked with product storage solution. The observed average measurement of 3 replicate samples was converted to mg/mL using an extinction coefficient of 128,440 and molecular weight of 103,609 Daltons.

SDS-Page (Physical Purity Assessment)
2.0 µL of enzyme solution was loaded on a denaturing 4-20% Tris-Glycine SDS-PAGE gel flanked by a broad-range MW marker and 2.0 µL of a 1:100 dilution of the sample. Following electrophoresis, the gel was stained and the samples compared to determine physical purity. The acceptance criteria for this test requires that the aggregate mass of contaminant bands in the concentrated sample do not exceed the mass of the protein of interest band in the dilute sample, confirming greater than 99% purity of the concentrated sample.

Contamination Tests

Single-Stranded Exonuclease Activity
A 50 µL reaction containing 10,000 cpm of a radiolabeled single-stranded DNA substrate and 10 µL of enzyme solution incubated for 4 hours at 37°C resulted in greater than 80% release of TCA-soluble counts.

Double-Stranded Exonuclease Activity
A 50 µL reaction containing 5,000 cpm of a radiolabeled double-stranded DNA substrate and 10 µL of enzyme solution incubated for 4 hours at 37°C resulted in greater than 50% release of TCA-soluble counts.

Double-Stranded Endonuclease Activity
A 50 µL reaction containing 0.5 µg of pBR322 DNA and 10 µL of enzyme solution incubated for 4 hours at 37°C resulted in no visually discernible conversion to nicked circular DNA as determined by agarose gel electrophoresis.

E.coli 16S rDNA Contamination Test
Replicate 5 µL samples of enzyme solution were denatured and screened in a TaqMan qPCR assay for the presence of contaminating E.coli genomic DNA using oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the 16S rRNA locus. The acceptance criterion for the test is the threshold cycle count (Ct) produced by the average of 3 replicate no template control samples. Based on the correlation between the no template control Ct values, and standard curve data, the detection limit of this assay is <10 copies genome/sample.

Product Information

T4 DNA Polymerase
Part NumberP7080L
Concentration3,000 U/ml
Unit Size2,000 U
SDS Available on request

Product Specification*

Storage Temperature-15 to -25°C
Test Specification
Purity (SDS-PAGE)>99%
Specific Activity5,555 U/mg
SS ExonucleaseFunctional
DS ExonucleaseFunctional
DS Endonuclease30 U = no conversion
E.coli DNA Contamination30 U < 10 copies

* For a detailed summary of assay conditions and data, refer to the Quality Controls Analysis section.


  1. Tabor, S. and Struhl, K. (1989) In DNA-Dependent DNA Polymerases. F. M. Ausebel, R. Brent, R. E. Kingston, D. D. Moore, J. G. Seidman, J. A. Smith and K. Struhl (Eds.), Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, pp. 3.5.10-3.5.12. 2. Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, (2nd Ed.), 5.44-5.47.
  2. Dale, R., McClure, B. and Houchins, J. (1985) Plasmid, 13, 31-40.
  3. Kunkel, T.A., Roberts, J.D. and Zakour, R.A. (1987) R. Wu and L. Grossman (Eds.), Methods Enzymol., 154, pp. 367-382. San Diego: Academic Press.
  4. Panet, A., van de Sande, J.H., Loewen, P.C. and Khorana, H.G. (1973) Biochemistry, 12, 5045-5050.

Limitations of Use
This product was developed, manufactured, and sold for in vitro use only. The product is not suitable for administration to humans or animals. SDS sheets relevant to this product are available upon request.

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